"Knowing your epidemic" is vital for everybody occupied with the reaction to HIV. commonly illustrated with graphs and charts, this biennial file provides concise yet finished summaries of significant matters within the international AIDS reaction. Annexes offer HIV estimates and knowledge 2001 and 2007, and likewise nation growth symptoms.
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Extra resources for 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
H No data received in response to working group process; analyses based on data reported in Zambia 2005 surveillance report. Analysis based on urban and rural data combined. 3 Number of people living with HIV (millions) S TAT U S O F T H E G L O BA L H I V E P I D E M I C Bahamas, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Rwanda, Swaziland, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. Declines in HIV prevalence exceeded 25% in seven countries. In two of these countries—Botswana and Kenya—declines occurred in both urban and Estimated number of people living with HIV and adult HIV prevalence.
This chapter summarizes the current status of the epidemic—analysing broad global trends and providing regional snapshots of the epidemic’s path. It draws on the latest epidemiological data from countries; in many cases, these data have significantly improved (see box “Improving HIV estimates”). Annex I provides specific epidemiological information for 168 countries. CHAPTER 2 HIV remains a global health problem of unprecedented dimensions. Unknown 27 years ago, HIV has already caused an estimated 25 million deaths worldwide and has generated profound demographic changes in the most heavilyaffected countries.
6 5 The global proportion of women versus men who are infected has remained at approximately 50% since the late 1990s. In this ﬁgure of proportional rates, even though the proportion of women versus men has been increasing in each region, in most regions, the overall number of men infected is still far greater than the number of women. 6 24 out of the 35 countries had insufﬁcient or no data on HIV prevalence and/or sexual behaviour trends, or both, among young people— including several countries with exceptionally high HIV prevalence in southern Africa.