By Tiffany Chenneville
This booklet examines the effect of pediatric HIV on young ones, teenagers, and their households. starting with an summary of pediatric HIV epidemiology, it lines the clinical, mental, and social dimensions of HIV during the trajectory of formative years and early life. It examines the newest study on quite a lot of issues, together with therapy adherence, cultural, felony, and moral matters, and HIV stigma and its aid. Chapters provide specialist strategies for clinicians operating with little ones with HIV in addition to researchers learning pediatric HIV. furthermore, the booklet additionally discusses day-by-day matters linked to pediatric HIV, resembling affliction administration, coping, entry to companies, probability prevention, and wellbeing and fitness promoting.
Topics featured during this publication contain:
- The effect of pediatric HIV on households.
- Psychosocial issues for kids and young people with HIV.
- HIV prevention and intervention within the tuition setting.
- HIV disclosure in pediatric populations.
- How to layout powerful evidence-based HIV risk-reduction courses for adolescents.
A scientific advisor to Pediatric HIV is a must have source for researchers, clinicians, and graduate scholars in baby and faculty psychology, social paintings, and public overall healthiness in addition to pediatric medication, nursing, epidemiology, anthropology, and different similar disciplines.
Read or Download A Clinical Guide to Pediatric HIV: Bridging the Gaps Between Research and Practice PDF
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Extra info for A Clinical Guide to Pediatric HIV: Bridging the Gaps Between Research and Practice
In a review of mortality from HIV, infants who started HAART within six months had a 6-year survival rate of 94% (Kapogiannis et al. 2011). HIV Progression After the First Year of Life The rate of HIV disease progression decreases after the ﬁrst two years of life, with further, but slower, decreases after ﬁve years of age. After age ﬁve, HIV progression is similar to adults and associated with lower mortality (Yin et al. 2014). CD4 count and viral load have better predictive value in older children, and they are independent predictors of disease progression.
2014). Revised surveillance case deﬁnition for HIV infection— United States, 2014. MMWR, 63(3), 1–10 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. d. a). HIV among youth. gov/hiv/group/age/youth Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. d. b). cdc. pdf#page=11 Church, J. , Walker, A. , Gibb, D. , & Prendergast, A. J. (2015). The expanding role of co-trimoxazole in developing countries. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 15 (3), 327–339. , et al. (2014). Incidence of World Health Organization stage 3 and 4 events, tuberculosis and mortality in untreated, HIV-infected children enrolling in care before 1 year of age: an IeDEA (international epidemiologic databases to evaluate AIDS) East Africa regional analysis.
Combined antepartum, intrapartum, and infant antiretroviral prophylaxis is recommended because antiretroviral drugs reduce perinatal transmission by several mechanisms, including lowering maternal antepartum viral load and providing infant pre- and 2 Medical Implications of HIV Among Children and Adolescents 31 post-exposure prophylaxis. In resource-limited settings, the reduction in infant HIV transmission by formula feeding is offset by a higher infant mortality, which shows the crucial role that breastfeeding has in child health.