By Jeffrey Heath
This can be a accomplished description of Tamashek Tuareg spoken in Mali. The types coated during this quantity are these of Tamashek within the slim experience, with the exception of Tawellemett yet together with the opposite Malian kinds (Goundam, Timbuktu, Gao, Ansongo, Kidal, and the Gourma zone south of the Niger River together with Gosi and the outskirts of Hombori).
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Additional info for A Grammar of Tamashek Tuareg
B) for word-families where the relevant consonant occurs only in [tX] clusters (where X is a voiceless obstruent), so at least arguably the [t] is a /d/ devoiced by a CCcluster voicing assimilation rule. t c) for word-families with [t] in at least one form where it is ungeminated, and either prevocalic or before a voiced consonant. Example: tabael 'table', d) for word-families with invariant geminated [t:] with no direct evidence for/d/. Example: t-aettael 'roasted meat'. Alternations ofs and ζ and ofs and zz The popular subdivisions of Tuareg (Tamashek, Tamajak, Tamahak) are named after the predominant reflex of *z.
A masculine example is α-basqkor 'old well'. Feminine nouns also normally have a Fe prefix t-, and often FeSg suffix -t. An example is t-a-bsqqan-t 'burrgrass'. The χ accent indicates that penultimate accent is predictable from the presence of suffix -t, which does not permit the usual antepenultimate default accent. For verbs, the true citation form makes use of "v" for short vowel, "υ" for full vowel, and where appropriate more specific full vowels (usually u and i). If the verb takes Augment -t-, the formula "(+ -t)" is added.
6 Simple main clauses 17 pronominal complement. A clitic boundary is represented as -\ instead of just the hyphen -, and instead of = (not available in my phonetic font). When both subject and object are expressed by nouns, the subject noun precedes the object noun. ' A subject or object noun (but not both) can form an accentual phrase with a preceding verb. Default and secondary accents are applied from right to left. Thus, in (13), [anhsey-ajn medd-aen] is an accentual phrase, with a lexical accent on the e of medd-asn and a secondary accent on the second syllable to its left.