By Muriel H. Wright
Greater than a century and a part in the past Oklahoma used to be selected to turn into the house of the purple guy within the usa. this present day, sixty-seven tribes as greatly divergent because the 5 Civilized Tribes from the Southeast, the Plains tribes from the West, the Seneca from Ohio, and the indigenous Osage dwell inside its barriers. extra Indian tribes have retained their personality and id in Oklahoma than in the other nation of the Union. whilst, the yankee Indian in Oklahoma is very revered colleague of his white modern in enterprise, the professions, paintings, tune, and in any other stroll of existence. it's major that there aren't any reservations within the country. many of the Indians are glossy american citizens in customs, conduct, and get dressed and feature an analogous lifestyle as the other citizen of the nation. Nowhere else within the usa are available this type of mixing of the blood and the civilization of the Anglo-American and the yankee Indian. This advisor to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma lists alphabetically the tribes in the country- twenty-nine of that have retained their tribal identification within the jurisdiction of many of the Indian businesses, and thirty-eight small tribes and fragments of tribes now not famous individually. No similar paintings has been issued given that Frederick Webb Hodge's instruction manual of yank Indians North of Mexico used to be released in volumes in 1910 and 1911. the current encyclopedic therapy of the topic of Oklahoma indians give you the following details for many tribes: foundation of the tribal identify, linguistic inventory, actual features, current situation, numbers, background, govt and association, modern lifestyles and tradition, and ceremonials and public dances. moreover, there's a record of urged analyzing bearing on each one tribe. quantity 33 within the Civilizations of the yankee Indian sequence
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Extra resources for A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma (Civilization of the American Indian)
Other prehistoric tribes have been designated "Earth House People," the low mounds formed from the ruins of their Page 8 dwellings seen on level or gently rolling uplands and occasionally on the steeper sides of hills and mountains in eastern Oklahoma, which is a part of the general region where such mounds are found. This region extends from the southern and southeastern parts of Missouri through Arkansas and includes all of East Texas and nearly half of Louisiana (from southwest to northeast).
In Oklahoma, however, all Indians can vote, and they have full rights as citizens under the state constitution. Federal relations with the Indians were in the hands of the Secretary of War from 1789, when the War Department was created, until 1849, when the Indian Bureau was transferred to the newly established Department of the Interior. " This trust is administered through the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the executive head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (organized in 1824), which is divided into two coordinating parts: the Indian Office at Washington and the Field Service, whose personnel is in direct contact with the Indian people throughout the country.
Adopted in 1887 by the United States Congress and popularly known as the Dawes Act after its author, Senator Henry L. Dawes of Massachusetts, this statute drastically altered the cultures and life-styles of all the Indian tribes in Oklahoma. Its application by federal officials to each of the nations and reservations in Indian Territory, preparing American Indians for transition to the future state of Oklahoma, necessarily is a dominating theme of the Guide. As the Guide appears in its ninth printing, its compelling essence must be the author's nonpareil credibility as spokesman for the sixty-seven tribes she profiles in the volume.